Suzanna. Instagram

Lost on my way to life.

I collect postcards and would love to do a postcard exchange with each and every one of my followers.

Also, I love ducks.
earthhour:

Did you know that a quarter of the world’s critically endangered mountain gorillas live in the Virunga National Park? Let’s help protect their home. #SOSvirunga
http://panda.org/draw_the_line

earthhour:

Did you know that a quarter of the world’s critically endangered mountain gorillas live in the Virunga National Park? Let’s help protect their home. #SOSvirunga

http://panda.org/draw_the_line

(via )

#virunga   #national park   #wwf   #nature   #oil   #exploitation   #resources   #natural resources   #wildlife   #congo   #africa  

picturedept:

Richard Mosse: Infra

The decades of war in the Democratic Republic of Congo have taken an unimaginable toll on the country, over 5.4 million deaths, and 400,000 rapes. This climate of perpetual violence, without clear heroes but with unimaginable numbers of victims, defies concise summary. Using infrared film developed by the US Millitary, Richard Mosse transports the soldiers and surrounding jungles of the Congo into an uncanny fluorescent and rose tinted reality. The human eye is blind to the light captured here. Infra confronts the blindspots of documentary photography in the face of political disorder, and attempts a stark reconsideration of the most violent war since World War II.

Infra is on view at the Künstlerhaus Bethanien in Berlin, starting tomorrow, through October 21. To see more from the series, as well as the photographer, visit richardmosse.com.

(via fotojournalismus)

#Richard Mosse   #Congo   #DRC   #photography   #war   #art   #exhibit   #violence  
doctorswithoutborders:

Over the past three years, MSF teams have witnessed a rather astonishing rise in the number of malaria cases in Democratic Republic of Congo. For its part, MSF is now responding to outbreaks in six separate provinces in the east and north of the country, but a wider, more concerted effort is urgently needed to battle this potentially fatal disease that traditionally afflicts the young and the infirm. Learn more. Infographic by will owen

doctorswithoutborders:

Over the past three years, MSF teams have witnessed a rather astonishing rise in the number of malaria cases in Democratic Republic of Congo. For its part, MSF is now responding to outbreaks in six separate provinces in the east and north of the country, but a wider, more concerted effort is urgently needed to battle this potentially fatal disease that traditionally afflicts the young and the infirm. Learn more.

Infographic by will owen

#malaria   #drc   #congo   #disease   #health   #public health   #queue  
mohandasgandhi:

King Leopold’s genocide of Congo

From the end of the 19th century through the turn of the 20th century, King Leopold II of Belgium ran the so-called Congo Free State as his private property, amassing an enormous fortune by turning most adult males into slaves to collect wild rubber and ivory from the jungle. The women and children were held hostages—their hands, noses and ears often chopped off when the men in their families did not meet their rubber quota or failed to return.
For over 23 years, Leopold’s army forced hundreds of thousands of slaves to work in killing conditions where many died from exhaustion. Some 20 slave uprisings were put down with extreme bloodthirstiness. After the Belgians discovered gold in 1903, they worked thousands to death in gold mines. It has been estimated that about 10 million people out of a population of 20 million lost their lives under King Leopold’s barbarous rule.
Villages which failed to meet the rubber collection quotas were required to pay the remaining amount in severed hands, where each hand would prove a kill. Sometimes the hands were collected by the soldiers of the Force Publique, sometimes by the villages themselves. There were even small wars where villages attacked neighbouring villages to gather hands, since their rubber quotas were too unrealistic to fill.
One junior white officer described a raid to punish a village that had protested. The white officer in command

‘ordered us to cut off the heads of the men and hang them on the village palisades … and to hang the women and the children on the palisade in the form of a cross.’

After seeing a Congolese person killed for the first time, a Danish missionary wrote:

‘The soldier said “Don’t take this to heart so much. They kill us if we don’t bring the rubber. The Commissioner has promised us if we have plenty of hands he will shorten our service.”‘

In Forbath’s words:

The baskets of severed hands, set down at the feet of the European post commanders, became the symbol of the Congo Free State. … The collection of hands became an end in itself. Force Publique soldiers brought them to the stations in place of rubber; they even went out to harvest them instead of rubber… They became a sort of currency. They came to be used to make up for shortfalls in rubber quotas, to replace… the people who were demanded for the forced labour gangs; and the Force Publique soldiers were paid their bonuses on the basis of how many hands they collected.
In theory, each right hand proved a killing. In practice, soldiers sometimes “cheated” by simply cutting off the hand and leaving the victim to live or die. More than a few survivors later said that they had lived through a massacre by acting dead, not moving even when their hands were severed, and waiting till the soldiers left before seeking help. In some instances a soldier could shorten his service term by bringing more hands than the other soldiers, which led to widespread mutilations and dismemberment.


Why am I posting this, of all things? There’s talk in the MSM that presidential candidate Newt Gingrich is a legitimate historian and a renowned academic. His only real academic work, his PhD dissertation, which has never been cited, concludes that Belgian rule over the Congolese was positive and modernized the country, mentioning King Leopold but once. Does this look like positive modernization to you?
Newt Gingrich is not an academic, just a very poor storyteller of fiction.

mohandasgandhi:

King Leopold’s genocide of Congo

From the end of the 19th century through the turn of the 20th century, King Leopold II of Belgium ran the so-called Congo Free State as his private property, amassing an enormous fortune by turning most adult males into slaves to collect wild rubber and ivory from the jungle. The women and children were held hostages—their hands, noses and ears often chopped off when the men in their families did not meet their rubber quota or failed to return.

For over 23 years, Leopold’s army forced hundreds of thousands of slaves to work in killing conditions where many died from exhaustion. Some 20 slave uprisings were put down with extreme bloodthirstiness. After the Belgians discovered gold in 1903, they worked thousands to death in gold mines. It has been estimated that about 10 million people out of a population of 20 million lost their lives under King Leopold’s barbarous rule.

Villages which failed to meet the rubber collection quotas were required to pay the remaining amount in severed hands, where each hand would prove a kill. Sometimes the hands were collected by the soldiers of the Force Publique, sometimes by the villages themselves. There were even small wars where villages attacked neighbouring villages to gather hands, since their rubber quotas were too unrealistic to fill.

One junior white officer described a raid to punish a village that had protested. The white officer in command

‘ordered us to cut off the heads of the men and hang them on the village palisades … and to hang the women and the children on the palisade in the form of a cross.’

After seeing a Congolese person killed for the first time, a Danish missionary wrote:

‘The soldier said “Don’t take this to heart so much. They kill us if we don’t bring the rubber. The Commissioner has promised us if we have plenty of hands he will shorten our service.”‘

In Forbath’s words:

The baskets of severed hands, set down at the feet of the European post commanders, became the symbol of the Congo Free State. … The collection of hands became an end in itself. Force Publique soldiers brought them to the stations in place of rubber; they even went out to harvest them instead of rubber… They became a sort of currency. They came to be used to make up for shortfalls in rubber quotas, to replace… the people who were demanded for the forced labour gangs; and the Force Publique soldiers were paid their bonuses on the basis of how many hands they collected.

In theory, each right hand proved a killing. In practice, soldiers sometimes “cheated” by simply cutting off the hand and leaving the victim to live or die. More than a few survivors later said that they had lived through a massacre by acting dead, not moving even when their hands were severed, and waiting till the soldiers left before seeking help. In some instances a soldier could shorten his service term by bringing more hands than the other soldiers, which led to widespread mutilations and dismemberment.

Why am I posting this, of all things? There’s talk in the MSM that presidential candidate Newt Gingrich is a legitimate historian and a renowned academic. His only real academic work, his PhD dissertation, which has never been cited, concludes that Belgian rule over the Congolese was positive and modernized the country, mentioning King Leopold but once. Does this look like positive modernization to you?

Newt Gingrich is not an academic, just a very poor storyteller of fiction.

#congo   #belgium   #africa   #imperioalism   #colonialism   #leopold   #newt gingrich  
orup:

A father stares at the hands of his five year-old daughter, which were severed as a punishment for having harvested too little rubber.

orup:

A father stares at the hands of his five year-old daughter, which were severed as a punishment for having harvested too little rubber.

(Source: epeba)

#congo   #history   #belgium   #colonialism   #rubber   #plantation   #cruelty  

…The vicious war that claimed the lives of more than 5 million people in Congo’s eastern flank might be officially over but the violence continues, particularly when it comes to women. During the worst years of the conflict, armed groups used sexual violence as a weapon but now rape perpetrated by civilians accounts for a large percentage of cases. Doctors and NGOs fear it has almost settled into something approaching a norm in a society ravaged by war.

A study published last year in the American Journal of Public Health concluded that 1,152 women are raped every day in Congo, a rate equal to 48 per hour. That rate is 26 times more than the previous estimate of 16,000 rapes reported in one year by the UN.

The highest frequency of rape was found in North Kivu, Fazili’s home province and the area most affected by the conflict, where 67 women per 1,000 had been raped at least once.

“The message is important and clear: rape in (Congo) has metastasised amid a climate of impunity, and has emerged as one of the great human crises of our time,” said Michael VanRooyen, director of the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative.

There are no precise figures relating to the number of children born from these rapes, but they are thought to number in the thousands. Abortion is illegal in Congo, so the women have little choice but to carry the pregnancy to full term.

Read more…

(Source: caraobrien)

#congo   #rape   #war   #human rights  
fotojournalismus:

A young girl warily eyes a guerrilla fighter in the Lubero district, where a rebel group meets with U.N. personnel, Congo, 2008.
[Credit : James Nachtwey]
[via]

fotojournalismus:

A young girl warily eyes a guerrilla fighter in the Lubero district, where a rebel group meets with U.N. personnel, Congo, 2008.

[Credit : James Nachtwey]

[via]

#congo   #war   #james nachtwey   #history  

TRIGGER WARNING FOR VIOLENCE/RAPE AGAINST WOMEN/GIRLS

The world capital of rape is the eastern Congo. Militias consider it risky to engage in firefights with other gunmen, so instead they assault civilians. They discovered that the most cost-effective way to terrorize civilians. They discovered that the most cost-effective way to terrorize civilian populations is to conduct rapes of stunning brutality. Frequently the Congolese militias rape women with sticks or knives or bayonets, or else they fire their guns into the women’s vaginas.

Nicholas D. Kristof & Sheryl WuDunn (2009), Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Oppression for Women Worldwide

#quote   #book   #excerpt   #violence   #women's rights   #congo   #rape   #half the sky   #nicholas kristof   #sheryl wudunn  
caraobrien:

Postcards from Hell, 2011: Images from the world’s most failed states
Rafael Sanchez Fabres/LatinContent/Getty Images
#failed states   #economy   #politics   #poverty   #somalia   #war   #famine   #chad   #africa   #sudan   #haiti   #latin america   #caribbean   #drc   #congo   #zimbabwe   #afghanistan   #middle east   #central african republic   #car   #Democratic Republic of Congo   #iraq   #ivory coast   #guinea   #pakistan   #yemen   #nigeria   #niger   #kenya   #birundi  
Visual Representations of the Worst Places for Women
Using the following six criteria, 213 international gender experts  ranked Afghanistan, Congo, Pakistan, India, and Somalia as the most  dangerous countries in the world for women:
health threats
sexual violence
non-sexual violence
cultural or religious beliefs
lack of access to resources
trafficking
Click to see the rest of the images

Visual Representations of the Worst Places for Women

Using the following six criteria, 213 international gender experts ranked Afghanistan, Congo, Pakistan, India, and Somalia as the most dangerous countries in the world for women:

  • health threats
  • sexual violence
  • non-sexual violence
  • cultural or religious beliefs
  • lack of access to resources
  • trafficking

Click to see the rest of the images

#women's rights   #human rights   #women   #congo  
ohscience:

This pregnant frog with translucent skin is one of five “lost” amphibian species recently rediscovered in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 

ohscience:

This pregnant frog with translucent skin is one of five “lost” amphibian species recently rediscovered in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 

(via beautefantasy)

#animals   #frog   #endangered species   #drc   #congo   #amphibian  
crookedindifference:


Rape of women in DR Congo ‘tops 1000 a day’: Average of 48 females aged 15-49 are raped every hour in DR Congo, 26 times more than previously thought, study reports.

This is beyond horrible. There are no words. More than 1,100 women are raped every day in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), resulting in more than 400,000 women in a 12-month period.

“In addition, Human Rights Watch reported that sexual violence in 2009 doubled in comparison with 2008. If this assessment is accurate, then the current prevalence of sexual violence is likely to be even higher than our estimates suggest.”

Help stop this by taking action with V-Day. 
Follow the link to learn many different ways to help. Help create the City of Joy.

crookedindifference:

Rape of women in DR Congo ‘tops 1000 a day’Average of 48 females aged 15-49 are raped every hour in DR Congo, 26 times more than previously thought, study reports.

This is beyond horrible. There are no words. More than 1,100 women are raped every day in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), resulting in more than 400,000 women in a 12-month period.

“In addition, Human Rights Watch reported that sexual violence in 2009 doubled in comparison with 2008. If this assessment is accurate, then the current prevalence of sexual violence is likely to be even higher than our estimates suggest.”

Help stop this by taking action with V-Day.

Follow the link to learn many different ways to help. Help create the City of Joy.

(via caraobrien)

#drc   #congo   #rape   #war  

aj-b:

Murderers seize control of the victim’s body for a few brief moments. Many times, the victim will not even feel pain. The death will likely send the victim’s family and friends into a state of grief that will last for what will feel like an eternity. Some may never get over the loss of their loved ones. Murder is one of the most vile, reprehensible acts one creature can commit against another.

Rape is worse.

Rape is a crime of power and control, of subjugation. The rapist steals not only the victim’s body, but their minds, their emotions, and their very will. Regardless of how long the act lasts, the victim will live with the experience for the rest of their lives. Most rape victims turn substance abuse to try and numb the pain they feel every day they wake up. In the rare case that the victim reveals the crime, the effect on the family is devastating. Especially, because the rapist is usually not a stranger. They are usually a family member or a friend. The victim’s loved ones not only agonize because of their empathy with the victim, but because they feel betrayed by the rapist. And whatever the feelings of betrayal they may have, that of the rape victim is much worse.

Rape not only subjugates the victim’s body, but perverts the very act of sex. A gun in a murderer’s hand is not perverted. A gun is made to be a tool of destruction. Sex is meant to be a healthy expression of love or mutual desire. In the hands of the rapist, sex becomes a tool of domination and abuse.

Not only will the victim face the painful memories and the twisted concept of sex, they may face unwanted pregnancy. They may face the decision of having to choose between keeping the baby, bringing someone into the world conceived by their assaulter, and aborting their child. They may be exposed to life threatening chronic diseases. They will often have physical injuries that will take months to heal and may scar.

Death is inevitable. Being sexually assaulted is not.

As a society, we need to realize that we live in a rape culture that glorifies, encourages, and excuses both non-consensual sex and the rapist. We need to realize that in almost all rape cases the victim is a woman, the rapist is not a stranger but someone who she has trusted, and that the rape was preventable.

We need to realize that it is not the victim’s responsibility to prevent rape. It is the potential rapist’s. It is ours, as human beings. Rape is inexcusable, and it is our duty as human being to force culture to accept that fact.

UN investigates claims of mass rape by DR Congo rebels

The United Nations is investigating claims that rebel fighters raped more than 150 women and baby boys in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The attacks happened over four days within miles of a UN base, a US aid worker and a Congolese doctor said.

UN chief Ban Ki-moon is sending two top aides to the country to help investigate the alleged assaults in the country’s volatile eastern region.

Mr Ban also urged the Congolese government to investigate the attacks.

Aid workers and UN representatives knew that rebels had occupied Luvungi town and surrounding villages in eastern DR Congo the day after the attack began on 30 July, the International Medical Corps (IMC) said on Tuesday.

They could not get into the town until the rebels left, said the IMC’s Will Cragin.

According to reports, the rebels gang-raped nearly 200 women and some baby boys over four days before leaving.

The region lies approximately 10 miles (16km) from a UN peacekeepers’ base.

Mr Ban is sending Atul Khare, assistant secretary-general for peacekeeping, immediately to DR Congo to help investigate, UN spokesman Martin Nesirky said.

He also ordered his special representative for sexual violence in conflict, Margot Wallstrom, to take charge of the UN’s response to the attacks.

A UN joint human rights team confirmed allegations of the rape of at least 154 women by fighters from the Rwandan FDLR militia and Congolese Mai-Mai rebels in the village of Bunangiri, Mr Nesirky said.

"The secretary-general is outraged by the rape and assault. This is another grave example of both the level of sexual violence and the insecurity that continue to plague Congo," he told the Associated Press.

'World rape capital'

The victims are receiving medical and psychological care.

Ms Wallstrom condemned the rapes. She said: “It should be noted that this incident represents a very extreme case in terms of its scale and the level of organisation of the attacks.

The “terrible incident” confirmed her findings during a recent visit to Congo of the “widespread and systematic nature of rape and other human rights violations.”

DR Congo has a shocking reputation for sexual violence. In April, a senior UN official said it was “the rape capital of the world”.

A report by the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative showed that 60% of rape victims in South Kivu province had been gang-raped by armed men.

More than than half of the assaults took place in the victims’ homes, the report said, and an increasing number of attacks were being carried out by civilians.

More than 8,000 women were raped during fighting in 2009, the UN says.

Eastern DR Congo is still plagued by army and militia violence despite the end of the country’s five-year war in 2003.

UN peacekeeping troops have been backing efforts to defeat the FDLR, whose leaders are linked to the 1994 genocide in Rwanda and who are operating in eastern DR Congo.

— I included this story to demonstrate how rape is used as a tool of oppression in war. Men are killed and women are raped as a means to destroy entire societies. It removes any power remaining in women and children, effectively eliminating any power source.

(Source: likeourghostswilllive, via sluteverxxx)

#rape   #murder   #congo   #news